Saturday, 17 September 2011

Best Ubuntu Themes

Ubuntu is world’s favorite Linux OS. The tagline “Linux For Human Beings” rightly lives up to its name. The internet is flooded with thousands of beautiful themes for Ubuntu. Thus we have tried to provide you the list of 5 most beautiful and interesting themes that can be used on any version of Ubuntu.
1. MyDesk: MyDesk is an amazing theme for ubuntu users. This theme has a cool looking transparent menu along with attractive color scheme to make the theme visually appealing. If you are looking for a theme with great visuals then this is a perfect theme for you.

2. London Smoke: This is a GTK2 theme which is based on the ceebeebg’s mockup.

3. Orta: It is based on Gnome 2.x. This theme has amazing visuals and a cool looking transparent menu bar.

4. Paranoid: It is a  Gnome gtk2 Desktop Theme which runs on Murrine, Equinox and Pixbuff Engines.

5. Moomex Ubuntu Theme: This theme is very elegant with a complete and consistent look.

6. Dark Ice: This is a GTK2 theme which is based on the Metacity engine. Many new and transparent frames have been added along with attractive color scheme to make the theme visually appealing. New Scroll bars and Progress bars have been added.

7. Clear UFO: This simple and elegant theme is another GTK2.x based. The theme seems to have some issues with Open Office kindly refer to the documentation before installing it.

8. MacOS-X Aqua Theme: This theme is one of the most downloaded themes from the official website of the GNOME. This simple GTK2 theme can be installed in the following easy steps:
. If you have downloaded the old version of this theme before then you must remove it first. The following command will do exactly that:
rm –Rf ~/.themes/MacOS-X
b. Download this file from the link given below and unpack then zip file that is downloaded
tar zxf 13548-Gnome_MacOS-X_Aqua_Theme_20040730.tar.gz
c. Move the entire folder to the .theme directory under the name of “MacOS-X”
mv MacOs-X ~/.themes

9. Linsta: This elegant theme has been released in several versions. The theme closely resembles to the Windows Vista. The theme has been tested successfully on many other distributions of the Linux. There are some issues with the menu and progress bars, you should see the site before installing it.

10. Industrial II: This GDM based theme was initially designed for the netbooks and is based on an old theme that was situated in the repositories of Ubuntu. The icons and images used in this theme are very simple.

Installing Themes
The following are the general steps that you must follow to install these themes:
  1. First of all download the archive files from the download links given above.
  2. After you have downloaded the file then you install it by pointing to the Appearance Preferences -> install Theme.

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Thursday, 15 September 2011

The establishment of Pakistan brought even greater responsibilities for Jinnah. The refugee problem, the withholding of Pakistani assets by India, and the Kashmir problem were a real test for the Quaid. However, his indomitable will prevailed. He worked out a sound economic policy, established an independent currency and the State Bank for Pakistan. He chose Karachi as the federal capital.
However, he did not live long to witness the progress of the state that he had founded. On September 11, 1948, he died after a protracted illness at Karachi. He was buried in Karachi that witnessed the entire nation mourning over an irreparable loss.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah [1876-1948]

In 1929, Jinnah presented his famous Fourteen Points in response to the Nehru Report. When he returned from England, he reorganized the Muslim League. In 1934, he was elected as its permanent president.
The Provincial Assembly elections of 1937 swept the Congress to power in eight provinces. After almost two years of oppressive rule, Muslims under the leadership of Jinnah, celebrated the Day of Deliverance at the end of Congress rule.
The Muslim League held its annual session at Lahore in March 1940. This was presided over by Quaid-i-Azam. The demand for Pakistan was formally put forward here. This goal was realized on August 14, 1947. Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was appointed as its first Governor General.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah [1876-1948]

As a member of the Muslim League, Jinnah began to work for Hindu-Muslim unity. In 1917, the annual sessions of both the Congress and the League were held at Lucknow. The League session was presided over by Muhammad Ali Jinnah. It marked the culmination of his efforts towards Hindu-Muslim unity. Here, both the League and the Congress adopted a scheme of reforms known as the Lucknow Pact.
On April 19, 1918, Jinnah married Rutanbai. Their daughter, Dina was born a year later. In 1919, Jinnah resigned from his membership of the Imperial Legislative Council as protest against the "Rowlatt Act".
Until the publication of Nehru Report, Jinnah continued his efforts for Hindu-Muslim unity. The Nehru Report, published in 1928, was severely criticized by all sections of the Muslim community. In December 1928, the National Convention was called to consider the Report. Jinnah proposed some amendments, but they were all rejected. He finally parted ways with the Congress.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah [1876-1948]

Pakistan, one of the largest Muslim states in the world, is a living and exemplary monument of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. With his untiring efforts, indomitable will, and dauntless courage, he united the Indian Muslims under the banner of the Muslim League and carved out a homeland for them, despite stiff opposition from the Hindu Congress and the British Government.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born in Karachi on December 25, 1876. His father Jinnah Poonja was an Ismaili Khoja of Kathiawar, a prosperous business community. Muhammad Ali received his early education at the Sindh Madrasa and later at the Mission School, Karachi. He went to England for further studies in 1892 at the age of 16. In 1896, Jinnah qualified for the Bar and was called to the Bar in 1897.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah started his political career in 1906 when he attended the Calcutta session of the All India National Congress in the capacity of Private Secretary to the President of the Congress. In 1910, he was elected to the Imperial Legislative Council. He sponsored the Waqf Validating Bill, which brought him in touch with other Muslim leaders. In March 1913, Jinnah joined the All India Muslim League.